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十年前,当雷曼兄弟宣布破产,全球经济陷入衰退之时,一种叫做比特币的新型加密货币的想法正在悄然酝酿。而在这十年的光景里,比特币在互联网上由一股反权威的风潮成功变成了一个价值数十亿美元的市场;同时它也从程序员间的一种爱好演变成了一个家喻户晓的名字。

在这短短的十年里,币圈几经浮沉。有人为了推动比特币的发展,甘愿错过上亿的家产;有人沉迷于比特币带来的财富,不惜踏入违法的禁地;更有人陷入渴望实现财务自由的焦虑,终日沉迷于一夜暴富的幻想……

这些人构成了比特币的十年图谱,记录着它改变世界的轨迹。

如果今天我对你说,比特币给这个世界带来了巨大的改变,你一定认为我夸大其词,空口无凭。那么,接下来我将用六个不同的故事告诉你,比特币究竟是如何改变世界和我们的生活的。



第一个使用比特币购买披萨的程序员汉耶斯:一种新的点对点支付方式

2010年5月的一天,佛罗里达州天气温暖、阳光明媚,程序员兼比特币早期矿工Laszlo Hanyecz年幼的小女儿,正踮着脚伸手去拿放在餐桌上的披萨。这两个披萨是Hanyecz用一万个比特币换来的。 


那时,距离比特币问世还不到两年的时间,在普通人眼中它几乎一文不值,一枚比特币的价格还不到半美分,并且根本没有商家愿意接受用比特币付款。而Laszlo Hanyec作为一名早期的比特币矿工,他的电脑每天都能够挖出数以千计的比特币,于是他萌生了一个念头,“在网上寻找一个愿意跟他用比特币交换食物的小伙伴。”

2010年5月18日,Hanyecz首次在BitTalk论坛上发出了交易请求,说他愿意用挖矿所得的1万枚比特币购买两个披萨。刚开始的两天,论坛上的大部分人讨论的还是用一万枚比特币换两个披萨值不值或者是如何将披萨送到Hanyecz的住处,甚至有人出主意让他以41美元的价格在比特币市场上出售这些比特币而不是去买两个披萨。

直到请求发出四天之后,Hanyecz才宣布他成功用比特币与一个叫做jercos的用户换了两个披萨。


2010年5月18日上午12:35分

 

Laszlo Hanyecz:“我愿意花一万枚比特币买两个披萨。我可以今天吃一个,留一个到明天再吃。你可以自己做或者将外卖订单的收货地址设置为我家。我的目标只是用比特币换取食物而已。”

 

2010年5月18日下午7:01分

 

ender_x:“10000枚比特币相当多了,你可以拿到bitcoin market上去卖掉,它们还值41美元。”

 

2010年5月21日下午9:12分

 

BitcoinFX:“Laszlo,我愿意给你买一个披萨,但我不是美国人,他们可能会以为我在恶作剧。”

 

2010年5月22日下午7:17分

 

Laszlo Hanyecz:“我只想说,我成功的用一万枚比特币换到了披萨。”

大概当时谁也没有想到,八年之后比特币的价格最高达到了2万美元,而这两个披萨将价值两个亿。

面对与两个亿的失之交臂,有人曾采访过Laszlo Hanyec问他是否后悔错过了成为亿万富翁的机会,Laszlo Hanyec回答说:


我并不后悔,因为我认为我的这个行为是伟大的,这是我参与比特币发展的一种方式。我知道,如果我可以使用比特币购买食物,那么它就跟其他的货币一样,我们就可以靠比特币生活。

其实,比特币诞生的初衷就是成为一种点对点的支付系统。Laszlo Hanyec用比特币换披萨的行为正式开启了比特币在现实中作为一种支付工具的大门。

Laszlo Hanyecz和jercos 在这场交易发生之前,彼此并不认识,他们只是在IRC聊天室讨论过关于比特币的问题,对彼此的ID号很熟悉,在看到Hanyecz发出的交易请求之后,居住在距离弗罗里达州1900公里以外的加州西海岸圣克鲁斯附近的jercos在聊天室与Hanyecz取得了联系。

在那个比特币还属于极客玩物的时期,在商家还没有开始接受比特币支付的时候,他们的交易只能在双方达成共识的基础上进行。2010年5月22日下午,jercos先在棒约翰订购了两个披萨送到了Hanyecz的家中;而后在当天下午 18:16分左右,Hanyecz向jercos的比特币地址发送了10000枚比特币。

比特币的出现让支付交易跨越了地理上的障碍,使交易双方无需像使用现金交易时那样,在固定的场合一手交钱一手交货;也使其无需像在网上定外卖那样,在付款的过程中借助支付宝这样的第三方中间服务商来完成交易转账。

随着比特币市场的进一步发展,如今比特币一天的交易量已经超过了20万笔,接受比特币支付的商家也越来越多。2013年,商业太空飞行公司维珍银河开始接受比特币支付;2014年12月微软开始允许用户使用比特币在微软账户上充值,并购买Windows和Xbox商店的游戏、电影和应用;2015年Foldapp允许用户在使用比特币支付时获得20%的折扣,并在星巴克门店购买咖啡;2016年,德国国内能源巨头Enercity宣布接受比特币支付,居民可用比特币支付电力、燃气、供暖和饮用水账单;2017年,日本有20多万家商户开始接收比特币作为一种合法的支付手段。

而在币圈,5月22日被称为“比特币披萨日”。比特币爱好者用这一天来纪念比特币作为一种新兴的支付手段是如何颠覆传统世界的支付方式,并一步一步走进了人们日常生活的。


暗网丝绸之路的缔造者乌布利希:非法交易的新宠 

2010年,28岁的乌布利希在LinkedIn上发布了一段宣言称:“我要建立一个经济模型,让人们生活在一个没有强权的世界里。”

而这里所谓的强权,却是根植于政府机构的警察与法律。乌布利希式的自由主义认为:毒品的使用与买卖,应该基于个人的选择;只要你情我愿,就可以去贩毒、卖淫、赌博、贩卖军火甚至雇凶杀人。

2006年,乌布利希从德克萨斯大学物理专业毕业,厌倦了枯燥的物理实验的他赴宾夕法尼亚州立大学攻读材料科学硕士学位。在这期间,乌布利希逐渐迷上了自由主义和经济学,他不但加入了宾州大学自由至上主义社团,还多次在辩论会上宣扬自由主义主张。研究生毕业之后,对自由极度渴求的乌布利希在创业的过程中接触到了比特币的概念,去中心化的比特币似乎完全契合他心中那个没有“强权”的世界,于是与比特币核心理念惺惺相惜的他萌生出了暗网的雏形。

所谓暗网指的是那些无法使用普通的搜索引擎访问,通过洋葱路由层层加密形成的层叠网络,十分隐秘难以追踪。2011年,在物理和材料化学方面颇有建树的乌布利希凭借自学的编程知识创建了暗网“丝绸之路”。

在网络搭建完成之后,乌布利希成为了进驻的第一个商家,他将自己和女朋友种的致幻蘑菇放在上面挂牌出售,交易方式明确规定需要使用匿名性极强的比特币,很快他们收获了第一笔资金。随后,便不断有毒贩慕名而来,不到两个月丝绸之路的用户数量就超过了100万,商品种类超过上万种,其中有七成还是毒品,除此之外暗网上还出售假钞、枪支弹药、假护照驾驶证和盗用的信用卡信息。

而比特币作为一种新型的货币形式,在被作为支付手段不到一年的时间,就成为了暗网的硬通货,这除了其匿名性之外,很大程度上还因为其难以追踪的特性高度符合暗网的需求。这种使用洋葱路由浏览和比特币交易的双重匿名反追踪系统,使得暗网中的交易资金和用户信息无从追查。暗网丝绸之路就这样风光了两年的时间。

但是世上没有不透风的墙,2013年10月乌布利希在一家书店上网时被美国FBI逮捕。FBI在拿到乌布利希的电脑之后,对其进行了数周的分析,得出结论称乌布利希携带的笔记本电脑中拥有14.4万余枚的比特币,总价值超过1.22亿美元,而丝绸之路自建立之初以来的短短两年时光,通过比特币完成的毒品交易额超过12亿美元。

从早期的数据中也可以发现,在比特币最初诞生的三个年头,有30%的交易指向暗网;到了2014年,六大暗网中平均每天比特币的交易量达到了65万美元。暗网为违法交易提供了一个匿名的撮合平台,而比特币为其提供了匿名的资产流动方式,二者相辅相成繁盛一时。

2015年乌布利希被判终生监禁,2017年他上诉失败,维持原判。然而,暗网缔造者的折戟却丝毫没有妨碍比特币继续充当非法交易的帮凶。2013年11月在乌布利希被捕不到一个月的时间,丝绸之路2.0版本上线;后来在暗网之外,比特币又逐渐流行于洗钱、网络勒索等其他领域。

从2011年起,俄罗斯人 Alexander Vinnik开始用比特币洗钱,数额超过 40 亿美元;2014年,魁省29岁的Pascal Reid在迈阿密接头交易比特币时被美国特勤局当场以洗钱罪名逮捕,其用来购买比特币的钱是盗取信用卡数据获得的赃款;2017年5月,全球近100个国家的微软系统计算机遭到WannaCry病毒攻击,黑客要求被攻击用户支付比特币赎金,十天之内150个国家超过20万台电脑被入侵。

截止2018年1月,大约有25%的比特币用户和近一半的比特币交易与非法活动相关,交易总额达到了720亿美元,非法交易在比特币等加密货币的助推下有愈演愈烈的趋势。

对于加密技术的信仰者而言,比特币等加密货币在暗网和非法交易中的活跃已经成为了一个阿克琉斯之踵,稍加不慎,可能会为比特币引来灭顶之灾。

身处通货膨胀中的委内瑞拉居民:不依靠央行发行的全球流通的保值资产

“我们都是百万富翁,但我们都一贫如洗!我每个月的工资900万玻利瓦尔,但只勉强够买一公斤肉。”委内瑞拉43岁的护士迈瓜利达·奥罗诺思说。

一年前,在委内瑞拉喝一杯咖啡的价格在2300玻利瓦尔左右;到了今年这笔金额上升至200万玻利瓦尔。今年8月,当地一卷厕纸的价格是260万玻利瓦尔,买半盒鸡蛋都快要用推车运钱了。事实表明,委内瑞拉的经济发展已然失速,国际货币基金组织预测,到2018年年底,委内瑞拉的通货膨胀率将飙升至1000000%。

在严重的通货膨胀面前,百姓们在挖空心思寻求自救的办法。此时,不依靠中央机构发行的全球流通的比特币登上了历史的舞台,成为身处水深火热中的委内瑞拉居民的一项选择。

在全世界大部分地区,比特币都主要是被作为一种投机性产品,而在委内瑞拉,比特币不仅能够给当地居民带来正常的生活水平,也是在极高的通货膨胀率中绕过监管限制,持有外汇的一种手段。

委内瑞拉政府在经济萎靡不振之际实施了严格的货币管控,在当地购买商品不能使用除了玻利瓦尔以外的任何货币。如果你拥有一家公司,需要从海外进口一些东西的话,你必须先得到政府的批准,才能把当地货币兑换成美元。所以,在委内瑞拉这样一家企业想要正常运作就必须在黑市上购买美元或者贿赂政府官员。

2014年,委内瑞拉的情况开始变得很糟糕。Reddit网友858graphics的父亲在加拉加斯开了一家还不错的空调维修公司,当他们开始意识到他们国家的经济将变得更加恶劣的时候,858graphics一家计划在美国开设一个银行账户,然后把手上所有的玻利瓦尔全部兑换成美元以抵抗通货膨胀。但很快,棘手的问题就来了,他们根本没有办法把手上的现金存到美国的账户中去。

在委内瑞拉如果想要把现金兑换成美元,首先你不能把它存到银行,因为政府不允许你持有外币;其次,你不能带着大笔资金游荡在街上,因为当时的委内瑞拉抢劫盗窃案件屡见不鲜;另外,你也不能带着这些现金去机场,因为你有可能遭到机场警察的敲诈。在走投无路的时候,858graphics接触到了比特币这项新技术,别无选择的情况下他们将所有资产兑换成了比特币。

时间快进到2017年,委内瑞拉的经济已经无可挽回,858graphics父亲的空调维修生意也做不下去的时候,858graphics说:“多亏了比特币,才让我们有能力养活自己,也有能力考虑移民到其他国家的问题”。

同样的场景也发生在29岁的委内瑞拉年轻人胡安·平托的身上。胡安·平托在电影院前排队买票时,他拿出手机在localbitcoin上卖出了正好够买电影票的比特币。虽然胡安·平托住在委内瑞拉,但他的大部分资产都不是本国货币,他持有大量比特币,也有不少用比特币兑换的外币。

据Localbitcoin的数据显示,今年以来委内瑞拉的比特币交易量一直在不断地刷新记录。而在当地有条件的居民也走上了比特币挖矿之路。委内瑞拉廉价的电费使其成为全球比特币矿工最能赚钱的三大国家之一,在这里一个普通矿工靠挖比特币平均每个月能赚500美元左右。这500美元足以养活一个四口之家,还可以用来从海外购买尿不湿和胰岛素等生活用品。

2015年,胡安·平托辞掉了原本机械工程师的工作,开始从事比特币挖矿,这使他在委内瑞拉摇摇欲坠的经济中得以维持生计。在这期间,他还成立了“Dr.miner”公司,为有需求的人家安装比特币挖矿电脑,这些人可以不用了解任何关于加密学或者挖矿的知识,挖矿软件会自动在机器上运行,这样一台机器每个月的收益在200至900美元之间。

另外,可以在全球范围内流通的比特币,不仅可以帮助委内瑞拉人民抵抗通货膨胀,还为他们提供了一种即时便捷的转账方式。

胡安·平托的家人朋友中仍然留在委内瑞拉的不到十分之一,大多数有能力的人都已经离开了这个国家,平托的大部分家人都住在西班牙。无意间他发现,父亲在委内瑞拉首都加拉加斯公寓的租客也拥有比特币,为了方便,他同意这位租户使用比特币支付六个月的房租。于是,在租客将这笔比特币发送给平托之后,他马上转给了他在马德里的兄弟,兄弟收到之后又立刻在localbitcoin上将其兑换成欧元,他们的父亲在一个小时之内就将这笔房租存进来他在西班牙的银行账户,这使他们避免了电汇的延时和高昂的手续费。

读到这里,我们可以发现在委内瑞拉这样的国家,比特币对普通民众的吸引力是显而易见的,不依靠中央机构发行和全球流通的特性消除了人们对政府和银行的信任问题,也提供了一种方便快捷的汇款方式。

从历史的角度出发,古代的贝壳货币到金属货币再到后来的纸币,货币的发行权是一个从个人逐渐向政府收拢的过程。而比特币的出现打破了这一规律,它将货币的发行权下放到了每一个在工作量证明机制中参与挖矿的矿工手中;在委内瑞拉,这就意味着将财富的控制权交还到了人民自己的手中。而低延时低手续费的交易属性,也打破了传统汇款的弊端,为跨境汇款开辟了一条新思路。


无法自证身份的澳洲中本聪:比特币私钥即所有权

谁是中本聪?这是一个至今都没有答案的谜题。

如果要说我们最接近中本聪的一次,大概是在2016年5月份澳大利亚计算机学者Craig S. Wright站出来称自己就是比特币之父的时候。当时,就连中本聪钦点的比特币代码合并者Gavin Anderson也出来为其作证,称其在私下用第一个和第九个区块(当年中本聪将第九区块的挖矿所得转给了已故的比特币开发者Hal Finney)的私钥签署了“Gavin最喜欢的号码是十一”这句话,并得到了Gavin Anderson的验证。

但是,后来在Craig Wright公开的证据当中,他只用一个已知的签名信息签署了一段 1964 年 Jean-Paul Sartre 在拒绝接受诺贝尔文学奖的演讲片断;而对于记者提出的从已知的中本聪地址转出一笔比特币的要求,他又迟迟没有给出反应。这不禁让人猜测,所有的一切不过是Craig Wright精心布置的一场骗局。

(Craig Wright给出签名对应的交易信息)

为什么说从已知中本聪的地址转出一笔比特币可以证明Craig Wright中本聪的身份,而用一段已知的签名信息签署文件就不能呢?其实原因很简单,因为在比特币的世界,只有拥有私钥才能证明一个人拥有这笔比特币的所有权;而一段公开的签名信息任何人都可以拿得到,因此并不能证明Craig Wright就拥有这个地址的私钥,从而也就无法证明他中本聪的身份了。

2016年5月,BBC记者将0.017个比特币汇入2009年第一笔比特币交易的地址,要求Craig Wright表演汇回,但至今没有结果。而在知名记者Andrew O’Hagan的调查中,这场关于中本聪身份的闹剧俨然成为了一个涉及1500万美元的商业“阴谋”。

2015年,Wright陷入财务困境当中,并遭到澳大利亚税务局的调查,2015年末,他逃离澳大利亚并前往伦敦避难。在此期间,Craig S. Wright数次向他曾经的同事Stefan Matthews寻求帮助。

据Stefan Matthews的回忆,2008年时Wright曾给他看过一份署名为中本聪的文件,当时没有留意的他后来才意识到,那其实就是比特币白皮书的原稿。这件事情让Stefan Matthews确认Wright与中本聪或多或少存在某种联系。于是,他以此为条件,说服了加拿大P2P公司nTrust的首席执行官Robert MacGregor,让他投资Wright并以1500万美金的价格收购Wright旗下多家负债的电脑公司以及他的知识产权。

在听了Stefan Matthews的描述以及看到了网上爆出的证据之后,MacGregor确信Wright就是中本聪。因此2015年6月29日,他们达成了协议:MacGregor负责清除阻碍Wright公司东山再起的所有未偿还债务,Wright负责提供身为中本聪的故事和自证身份的证据。MacGregor的小算盘打的很好,他想一旦Wright中本聪的身份坐实,他就可以以超过10亿美元的价格出售掉Wright所有的技术专利,大赚一笔。

然而MacGregor大概没有想到,最终Craig Wright不愿意拿出,或者说他根本没有自己拥有早期比特币地址私钥的证据。

对于传统的资产来说,比如房产、汽车甚至银行存款,如果你想要证明拥有其所有权,那么就必须出具在中央机构登记或注册的证明,而这些证明完全可以伪造;对于一笔现金而言,想要证明其所有权实际上是十分困难的,因为只要你让别人确信你拥有这笔资金那么你就是它的主人,可以随意花费。

在这里,我们可以来回顾一下从2015年底至今都有哪些证据可以来证明Craig Wright是中本聪:


  • 2008å¹´8月Wright在其博客中发布的关于发行一种加密货币的论文;(论文内容与比特币相似,当时中本聪的《比特币:一种点对点的电子支付系统》还没有发布)

  • 2008å¹´11月,该博客又更新了一篇博文,它包括了一个请求,如果读者想要访问他们的信息,需要使用一个PGP 公钥,而这个公钥显然和中本聪有关联;

  • 澳大利亚时间2009å¹´1月9日,比特币官方上线之前,Wright在博客文章中写下的“比特币测试版本明天将会上线”的文字记录

  • 2014å¹´1月Wright使用电子邮件地址satoshi@vistomail.com给他的同事发送电子邮件的记录;(satoshi@vistomail.com地址与中本聪发布论文的邮件地址satoshi@vistomail.com非常相似)

  • Gavin Anderson和Stefan Matthews两人证明Craig Wright就是中本聪

    ······

如果比特币只是一项普通的发明,以上证据或许可以证明Craig Wright至少是发明者之一;而如果比特币只是一笔普通的现金资产,不要说有Gavin Anderson和Stefan Matthews这两个证人了,即使没有人证明,他也可以随意支配这笔钱。

所以,我们之所以说比特币伟大很重要的一个原因在于,比特币的出现,改变了传统资产所有权的形式。在比特币的世界,任何情况下,只有私钥才是唯一能够证明资产所属的凭证,这样一来就没有人能够轻易的将别人的财富据为己有了。


通证经济信徒元道:比特币是通证经济的基础 

只有山呼海啸的浪潮和泡沫才配得上“通证”这件事。——元道

1996年,从清华大学电机工程系毕业五年的陈升开始进军互联网领域,并创立了世纪互联数据中心有限公司,开始为用户提供互联网数据中心服务;2011年4月陈升带领世纪互联成功敲响纳斯达克的大钟;发展到今天,世纪互联成为了中国最大的独立数据中心运营商之一。而长期接触网络基础设施和大数据的陈升也颇为关心能够帮助提升生产效率的技术。

2013年他开始接触并成为中国最早推广区块链概念的先行者。在区块链领域他更喜欢用元道这个名字,2014年他率先提出将“blockchain”翻译成“区块链”,并联合业界有识之士布局区块链产业;2016年,在中关村管委会的支持下,元道发起成立了中关村区块链产业联盟,并担任联盟理事长;2017年他又提出了通证的概念,倡导发展“通证经济”。

所谓“通证”通俗来讲就是运行在区块链上,可流通的加密数字货币权益证明。2018年春节,链圈在三点钟无眠区块链微信群的带领下几近癫狂,所有人都在谈论区块链,所有人都争先恐后的期待入场,唯恐踏空。此时,元道先生与通证派先锋CSDN创始人孟岩举行了一场对话,探讨通证经济的问题。


席间元道称:


“像区块链和通证经济这么颠覆性的技术革命和生产关系变革,必然会激发巨大的浪潮,必然会催生巨大的泡沫;反过来说,也只有山呼海啸的浪潮和泡沫才配得上通证这件事。”

在国内,最先试图实现通证经济的人叫做张健,今年7月份,张健联合元道和孟岩两人开启了币改试验区项目。对已有成熟产品和完整产业链的互联网及传统企业,实施一部分或全部业务的通证化改造,按照通证经济的思路和模式重构,完成币改及上市交易。

元道和孟岩在“我们为什么支持张健开启 FCoin 币改试验区”中说:


“我们已经清晰的感觉到,一场通证经济与实体经济相结合、改变传统的利益分配格局、释放人们的创新和协作热情的实践大潮正在孕育涌动,即将席卷而来。我们一致认为,互联网和传统企业通过“币改”,将自己的一部分或者全部业务按照通证经济的思路和模式重构,这将成为一个大趋势,任何人也无法阻挡。‘币改’对这些企业乃至整个行业来说,将是脱胎换骨的蜕变,对于通证经济来说,则是支持实体经济的关键一步”。

区块链是交易和价值流转的基础设施,通过区块链对传统经济的通证化改造将从本质上改变资产的表现形式和流通方式。用元道的话来说就是:“区块链是新世界的后台技术,而通证是新世界的前台经济形态。”

但是,在目前缺乏监管并充满了浮躁与暴富幻想的币圈,想要真正实现通证经济实属天方夜谭。而不可否认的是,比特币的出现为通证经济的实现奠定了技术上的基础;基于比特币而诞生的区块链技术实际上对生产力本身是没有太大意义的,其真正的意义在于可以让人们选择最佳的方式登记、拆分和传递价值;这不仅改变了资产流通的方式,还改变了客户、股东、员工以及企业之间的关系。

在区块链的世界,用户既可以充当客户的角色,同时也可以是股东。所以在这里,传统意义上的员工、客户和股东之间的界限已经变得模糊,我们可以将其统称为“劳动者”。在元道所提倡的通证经济的生产关系中,劳动者才是第一优先考虑因素。

普通的加密货币投资者:7*24小时不间断交易

与传统股市每天有交易时间限制的规则不同,比特币市场是一个7*24小时可以不间断交易的地方。这样的交易规则打破了传统市场的局限,为加密货币市场的投机者们提供了更多自由发挥的空间。当然了,投机者们也没有放弃开创比特币更多玩法的机会,其中有一种常用的套利手段叫做“跨境搬砖”。

所谓“搬砖”就是从一家报价相对较低的交易平台买进比特币然后到报价较高的平台出售的过程。2013年4月,当时还在美国伯克利留学的中国学生袁浩瀚和朋友悟空在收集比特币价格数据的时候发现,在不同交易所之间比特币存在非常大的差价,尤其在不同国家之间,那时中美比特币差价长期维持在30%到50%之间。

于是,发现套利空间的两人便立刻开始研究具体该如何在不同平台之间搬砖挣钱。但由于当时大部分交易所因为法律问题关闭了注册功能,刚入场的他们一时间找不到可以美元买入比特币的交易所,因此经过大量的搜索和筛选之后,他们选择了一家叫做Local BTC的场外交易平台,用美元与一位埃及卖家进行交易。在收到对方的BTC打款之后,他们第一时间在中国一家差价较高的交易所将其卖掉,这笔交易净赚30%。

在24小时不间断的市场面前,不同国别之间的时差根本不算事儿,因为无论深夜还是黎明,只要你醒着就可以交易。

时间一晃到了2017年,搬砖这种套利手段发展的更加成熟。2017年9月,央行等七部委发布《防范代币发行融资风险的公告》,将彼时最火热的ICO归类为非法金融活动。一时之间,国内币价大跌,而与此同时境外投资者正在大量以低价购入比特币,从而造成了中外市场巨大的差价。

当时币圈一位资深投资者老A就借此机会在国内场外交易平台买币,然后搬到国外交易所去卖,来来回回一个月,赚了一大笔,其中最高一笔就有18%的利润。后来,老A成立了专业的搬砖团队,雇了人日夜盯盘。今年1月份,币价大跌市场上哀嚎遍野,但国内外依旧存在套利空间。据老A估计,从今年1月份到4月,他们从境外买币回国内卖出这样的操作底仓资金增加了6倍;多则一趟12%的收入,少则一趟0.8%,就算熊市还是有办法赚钱。

然而24小时交易的模式也并非完全是一件好事。它开始使不少投资者陷入焦虑,因为或许在你熟睡的时候,你的比特币价格已经一泻千里了。

今年3月7日的深夜在币安平台上,VIA/BTC交易对异动,黑客先通过第三方钓鱼网站盗取用户的账号和登陆信息,再通过调取币安平台的API key在VIA/BTC交易市场程序化下市价买单,造成许多投资者的除了比特币以外的加密货币被以当时市价抛售,并被兑换成VIA,从而导致恐慌性抛售,比特币等币价暴跌而VIA币价大涨。

造成市场的混乱之后,黑客则通过做多VIA或做空比特币来实现盈利,在国内投资者还处于睡梦中之时,他们已经不知不觉完成了收割。

7*24小时全年无休的币市不仅颠覆了传统股市的交易模式,更将投机者们带进了快节奏易焦虑的交易氛围当中,就像是一场永不停息的战役一样,前赴后继,日夜无眠,只为狙击转瞬即逝的一个微小的交易机会。

结语

改变,才是这个世界永恒不变的铁律。

比特币十年,其对世界的改变就真切的发生在我们的生活中。而脱胎于科技极客和自由主义乌托邦的比特币自身,也正处于不断的变化之中。

只是这种变化,也并不往往是好的。

比特币对一群加密朋克而言,是对无政府去中心化的自由主义思潮的变现;权力下放,隐私保护是它向这个世界传递的态度。但在发展中,随之而来的却是去中心化理想的破灭;无论是挖矿算力的集中化,还是币圈意见领袖号召力的权威化,无数事实已经向我们证明,比特币或许可以颠覆传统的中心化力量,但是与此同时,一个新的中心化世界正在建立。

比特币对一群加密极客而言,是对算法和共识的技术信仰的变现,当初的开发者还怀揣共同的理想创建新世界。但在暴利面前,随之而来的却是技术信仰的扭曲;中本聪的隐退,将面临争议时的决定权交给了社区自己,于是争端和分裂层出不穷,无数投机者开始打着比特币的旗号舍命圈钱。

在消极者和唱衰者的预言中,比特币至少已经死了315次,而他们还在悻悻的揣测其真正的灭亡将在何时到来;但在积极者眼中,如果用《反脆弱》一书中介绍的林迪效应来看,比特币作为一种不会自然消亡的技术,已然存在十年的它预期寿命或许将更长一些。

要说改变世界的同时还在不断自我改变的比特币还有没有一些不变的特质在闪闪发光呢?

当然有。

现在的比特币更像是人类不断追求自由和理想的象征。在坚定的信仰者心中,比特币大概还是那个头顶自由主义光环的时代符号。

好与坏,是颠覆一切还是回到原点,都取决于比特币的下一个十年。

参考资料:

[1]《Bitcoin Pizza Day Interview with Jeremy Sturdivant 》,bitcoinwhoswho.com

[2]《29岁两年狂赚77亿,35岁被判终身监禁,暗网‘丝绸之路’缔造者的末路》,雷锋网

[3]Carlos Garcia Rawlins ,《Venezuelan bolivar – what can it buy you?》,BBC.com

[4]《WHERE COULD BITCOIN SUCCEED AS A CURRENCY? IN A FAILED STATE》;wired.com

[5]Andrew O’Hagan,《The Satoshi Affair》,lrb.co.uk

[6]《BITCOIN’S CREATOR SATOSHI NAKAMOTO IS PROBABLY THIS UNKNOWN AUSTRALIAN GENIUS》,wired.com

[7]元道、孟岩,《与元道对话三:区块链经济正在进行“动力切换”》,CSDN

[8]袁浩瀚,《青铜时代:中本聪之惑》,知乎

[9]币圈邦德,《熊市疯狂套利本金翻6倍,专业搬砖党有多恐怖?》,36氪

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区块链——食品安全问题完美解决方案

布洛克科技按:食品安全事故的发生,暴露了复杂的食物供应链流程的弊端,区块链“可追溯”的特点为供应链各个环节的信息记录及溯源提供了新的可能性。各大食品企业对于区块链技术的积极应用,昭示着食品供应领域值得期待的未来。然而,食品安全问题要想真正得到解决,除了单纯技术层面的考量外,还存在许多值得深思的问题……

 

从空空的米缸,到“天天过年”的百姓厨房;从进口食品难得一见,到摆上普通家庭的餐桌……改革开放40年来,饮食的变迁不只丰富了我们的味蕾,还讲述着时代发展的故事。然而今天,当食品安全问题出现,“故事”变“事故”,我们不得不开始思考如何才能彻底解决食品安全问题。

在复杂的食物供应链流程中,农民、仓储、运输公司、分销和零售商等多方参与,容易导致信息传递紊乱和缺失,区块链“可追溯”的特点为食品供应各环节的信息记录及溯源提供了新的可能性。


从地沟油到注水猪肉,从添加三聚氰胺的“毒奶粉”到人造鸡蛋,这些“耳熟能详”又令人作呕的食品安全事故为何频频出现?政府有关部门和专业人员需要关注的不仅是应对突发公共卫生事件,还有传统模式下的食品供应链的弊端,即长远的、基础性工作的改善。

食物供应环节中,表格、电子邮件、纸张记录等多重信息记录方式导致效率低下,且不准确。当我们在当地超市买菜,仅凭蔬菜上的品牌标签并不能知道蔬菜是来自哪块农田,更别提在出现质量问题时如何溯源。

卫生部数据显示,我国每年食物中毒事件报告几百起。在各个国家高漏报率的统计下,食源性污染事件的近一半问题都是由于生产过程不洁。2006年,美国近200人因吃大肠杆菌污染的菠菜病倒,3人死亡。而仅仅因为美国食品药品监督管理局不能确定哪一袋菠菜被污染,最终只能建议美国人避免吃任何新鲜菠菜,菠菜行业损失7400万美元。

当事故发生时,传统模式是通过台帐或者中心化的数据库来记录和追溯食品流转信息,然而传统模式的最大缺点就是记录会有遗漏、参错。同时,企业有可能要花几天甚至几周的时间也无法准确追踪到感染源并召回相应的产品,可谓费时费力。

此外,传统的防伪方式也存在数据造假的问题,消费者通过防伪码扫出来的“正品”也可能是假货。


与中心化记录方式不同,区块链技术本身的不可篡改、去中心化、公开透明和时间戳等特性,打通消费者与企业间的信任通道,完美地解决了食品供应链的追溯链条中各环节信任问题,营造一个共享共治的食品安全溯源生态环境。食品公司可以更迅速地追溯到食品问题的源头,不但可以降低消费者风险,提供安全保障,还可以通过有针对性的召回来降低财务损失。

在区块链应用于食品供应链的各阶段,员工可使用其标识码便捷登记产品,区块链将跨越检查点安全追踪产品,员工还可以通过标识码获取产品及历史、实时数据。使用区块链进行可信交易时,只需短短几秒即可快速追溯食物来源,而不需花费几天甚至几周时间。

与传统记录系统不同,区块链的属性和授权数据的能力使网络成员能够获得更高级别的可信信息。交易得到多方的认可之后,将得到唯一的真实版本,不可再进行篡改。

10月8日,IBM发布食品溯源区块链网络Food Trust,去中心化模式允许食品供应链的多个参与者共享食品原产地详细信息、处理数据及运输信息。区块链上的每个节点都由一个单独的实体控制,所有数据加密,各参与方互相协作,确保数据可信。

家乐福是最新一家与IBMFoodTrust签约的具有供应链影响力的食品公司之一。家乐福秘书长Laurent Vallee表示,到2022年,将把区块链系统的使用范围扩大到其在全球范围的300种生鲜产品。

沃尔玛强制要求旗下山姆会员商店和沃尔玛超市的所有生鲜蔬菜供应商在2019 年9 月之前必须使用区块链技术,以实现产品溯源。

永辉超市也在近期上线区块链食品安全溯源系统,为生鲜食品流转的各环节进行存证。

其他公司还包括雀巢,联合利华,多尔食品,泰森食品……

零售巨头纷纷运用区块链技术弥补传统食品溯源体系的缺陷,不仅可追溯市场流通过程,还能在出现危机时使用区块链技术追踪相关产品,快速找到根源解决问题,为生鲜零售业带来更多保障。

在狂热的市场氛围下,部分人已将区块链技术捧上神坛,以为去中心化能颠覆一切。但实际上,区块链在食品供应链落地也存在很多掣肘。

在区块链项目早期,其实际技术价值还没能超越噱头。最关键的是,假货问题并不能单凭区块链技术得到根本解决。大型连锁超市借助区块链技术的本质目的,往往不是为了食品安全,而是管理货物。作为区块链记账节点的生产和供应商是一个利益共同体,只在乎多卖多赚,甚至有可能联合起来数据造假。

这就是区块链落地现实的最大掣肘:能保证上传的数据绝对不会被篡改,但不能保证上传数据的真实性。食品安全问题不能从本质上得到解决。

此外,区块链技术如何证明“你就是你”的问题。比如,一瓶名牌酒,扫码后区块链显示正品,但怎么证明瓶子里的酒没被换过?

所以,区块链不能够解决问题,只能改善。只是区块链技术的进入,让造假的成本更高了。以往造假,只需要腐蚀一个中心记账“节点”,而现在,需要打通所有节点。

最后,和其他领域的区块链项目一样,“区块链+食品”“区块链+农业”等项目也存在各种炒作、泡沫问题。炒作和掣肘下,应该如何摆正区块链在食品相关领域的位置?

“责任中心化”,或许是一个可行的思路,数据真实性负责人与产品销售负责人统一,尽可能规避掉人为性的数据造假问题,如此,才能提高区块链落地现实的可能性和价值。

一份完美的食品安全问题解决方案需要的是什么?需要的是真正指向为消费者提供更好、更安全的产品,需要通过利用区块链技术的核心优势,打造新一代的食品安全卫士,惠及我们每一个普通人“实实在在”的利益。在炒作、泡沫盛行的当下,更需要冷静踏实的声音。


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Latest Cardano News

Thing is Cardano is barely a year old but they are clear, sticking to their initial vision and mission statement. Believing that the platform is as good as the community behind it and no one should be an obstruction as the team sweat towards a superior, governable and community centric smart contracting platform, Charles Hoskinson and Ken Kodama of Emurgo led a campaign that saw Michael Parsons resign after a string of what they say was poor performance and wanting leadership. Paul Schmid is the chair of the Cardano Foundation on a temporary basis.

The campaign by Charles Hoskinson to oust Michael is a clear indication that the team is past mediocrity and centralization attempts. Besides, standards are high now that the project is fully funded by the community. As such accountability, transparency and full dedication is expected from the team despite a biting bear market discouraging many from participating or even channeling their money into blockchain projects.

Everything else constant, Cardano is promising. From a technological, risk-ward and adoption level metrics, Weiss Ratings is recommending buy-hold for ADA. This is mostly because of the active community around the project. At the same time, the expectation of future adoption is high as the project seeks to present a superior, peer-reviewed smart contracting system.

ADA/USD Price Analysis

Weekly Chart

ADA/USD Price Analysis

Losses are visible across the market and ADA/USD is no exception. Printing an 18 percent drop in the last week, ADA risks recording new lows if last week’s declines continue through this week. Though technicals point to bears, prices are actually trending inside week ending Sep 23. The bar had superior trading volumes of around 1.75 billion compared to last week’s 900 million.

For our trade conditions to go live then we need to see strong losses below 6 cents. Like in our previous ADA/USD such dips would print new ADA ATLs. As a result,  risk-on traders should load at spot in lower time frames with stops at 6 cents and let the trade run.

On the flip side, rejection of lower lows could see prices recover above 7 cents towards 9.5 cents confirming week ending Sep 23 gains igniting buyers aiming at 12 cents just in line with our previous ADA/USD price analysis.

Daily Chart

ADA/USD Price Analysis

Here, ADA/USD prices are stable but still bearish. As above, we suggest taking a neutral stand since risk-reward considerations isn’t favorable to initiate trades at spot. However, once a whole bar prints below 6 cents then sellers can short at spot.

Alternatively, prices could print higher in response to last week’s rapid losses. In that case, ideal sell zone is between 6.5 cents and 7 cents with stops at 7.5 cents.

All Charts Courtesy of Trading View

Disclaimer: Views and opinions expressed are those of the author and aren’t investment advice. Trading of any form involves risk and so do your due diligence before making a trading decision.

Crypto.com to Launch MCO Visa Card Program in the US, Over 100,000 Cards Now Reserved

/latest/2018/11/crypto-com-to-launch-mco-visa-card-program-in-the-us-over-100000-cards-now-reserved/

Crypto.com to Launch MCO Visa Card Program in the US, Over 100,000 Cards Now Reserved

crypto-com-to-launch-mco-visa-card-program-in-the-us-over-100000-cards-now-reserved

On November 16, the Metropolitan Commercial Bank (MCB) and Crypto.com announced that they are preparing to launch the MCO Visa Card program in the United States.

Crypto.com’s press release noted that its MCO Visa Card program had already been 423-569-7700 in October (through its affiliate company, Foris Inc.).

Key Features Of MCO Visa Card Program

As explained in the company’s announcement, the MCO Visa card is “a prepaid card” with the following key features:

  • “high-end metal cards”,
  • “no annual or monthly fees”,
  • “airport lounge access for select cards”,
  • “no-fee ATM withdrawals”,
  • “tap-and-pay functionality”, and
  • “no foreign transaction fees”.

Those looking to obtain an MCO Visa card may register via the Crypto.com 8564592395 and card app.

The online registration process involves completing know-your-customer (KYC) checks – which include providing a government-issued ID for verification purposes. Moreover, Crypto.com’s wallet users can manage, or monitor, how their card is being used.

Over 100,000 MCO Visa Cards Now “Reserved Globally”

Similar to the standard features provided by most cryptocurrency wallets, Crypto.com’s wallet app allows users to check their incoming and outgoing transactions. However, one unique and important feature not typically found in other wallet apps is the ability to “freeze or unfreeze” Crypto.com’s payment card (“with a single tap”).

Notably, over 100,000 MCO Visa Cards have now been “reserved globally.” As mentioned on Crypto.com’s official website, the company’s wallet app allows users to “buy, sell, store, send, and track cryptocurrencies .”

In most cases, users looking to pay for goods and services have to convert their digital currency to fiat money via an exchange. With Crypto.com’s card, there is no need for this because the card itself automatically converts the user’s crypto to the fiat equivalent (which is what the merchant actually receives).

Accelerating Crypto Adoption

Mark DeFazio, the president and CEO of Metropolitan Commercial Bank, said:

We are pleased to work closely with Crypto.com and Foris in bringing this innovative product to the US market. This program speaks directly to The Entrepreneurial Bank spirit that we have and seek to promote. The MCO Visa Card is quite unique and provides a bridge between traditional banking and cryptocurrencies in a safe and compliant way.

Kris Marszalek, the co-founder and CEO of Crypto.com, remarked:

We are thankful for the support of Metropolitan Commercial Bank in sharing our vision. The market demand for the MCO Visa Card has been overwhelming and we look forward to bringing it to customers as soon as possible. This is another important step towards our mission of accelerating the world’s acceptance of cryptocurrency.

Payments Platform Kin Announces Token Migration from Ethereum to Custom Stellar Fork

The Kin project, launched by the developers of cross platform messaging app Kik, has announced that it will be completely moving away from the (256) 971-8814 blockchain in favor of Stellar.

In a blog post released November 14, 2018, the project’s Blockchain Team Lead Gadi Srebnik wrote, “Apps are coming online with thousands of consumers earning and spending Kin every day. To continue to accelerate this growth we are moving Kin off the Ethereum Blockchain and going all in on the Kin Blockchain.”

Moving the goalposts

Kin was first launched on the Ethereum blockchain as an 2193709903 token after a rather successful initial coin offering (4195903652). In December 2017, however, Kik Messenger CEO Ted Livingston criticized Ethereum for being unreliable and called it “dial-up era of blockchain.”

Notably, at the time of this statement, the dApp platform was experiencing unforeseen network congestion similar to Bitcoin due to increased transactional load. Transaction fees on the Ethereum network surged from a few cents to several dollars, especially after the CryptoKitties collectible game begain gaining universal popularity.

While Ethereum armillated have since receded and its developers have since made notable progress towards the platform’s next major scalability update, Kin announced a planned migration to the Stellar blockchain sometime in 2018.

Given that the Stellar’s platform is firmly built around a payments model, its primary advantages include scalability, transaction speed, low cost, and energy efficiency. In contrast to Ethereum, which processes a mere seven to 15 transactions per second, the Stellar network claims to be capable of confirming over 1,000 per second.

However, Kin changed course once again in March 2018 and decided to co-exist on both platforms, Ethereum and Stellar. The official announcement read:

“While Ethereum provides liquidity for Kin holders, its load times and fees can’t support our needs for day-to-day consumer use. The addition of Stellar as a second blockchain will allow us to operate the Kin Ecosystem on a faster, more efficient foundation, with low transaction fees — which is necessary for us to achieve the speed and scalability that digital services in the ecosystem will require.”

By May 2018, the limitations of a dual blockchain design started to become apparent to Kin’s developers. In a blog post published May 8, they 2253420935 their belief that building a custom blockchain would be the best course of action. Kin VP Netanel Lev explained that since current generation blockchains were incapable of scaling to a sufficient degree, a new one had to be created and tailored specifically. The result turned out to be a feeless fork of the Stellar blockchain, called the Kin Blockchain.

The “Kin Blockchain”

According to Kin’s Gadi Srebnik, “The Kin Blockchain is a federated, decentralized blockchain based on the Stellar protocol, on which Kin will be bought, sold, earned, and spent.” Going forward, it will also be the only source of Kin tokens.

In other words, Kin tokens on the Ethereum blockchain will slowly be phased out. Srebnik believes this approach eliminates the unnecessary complexity of atomic swaps and does not force a user to pick a particular blockchain when getting started with Kin.

While technical details of the migration process have not been revealed yet, users that currently hold Kin tokens on the Ethereum blockchain will reportedly be presented with “an easy way” to migrate to the Kin Blockchain. Apps built on Kin infrastructure will continue to work as they do today with no additional development work necessary.

Nevertheless, with Kin’s blockchain, the platform’s developers may have finally met their elusive requirement of a scalable chain.

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Latest Bitcoin ETF

After 10 years of evolution, adaptation and maturity, Bitcoin is no longer a “fad”. By the general definition of money, Bitcoin is the future. BTC is the perfect store of value, a unit of account, fungible and most importantly acts a medium of exchange.

Aside from being a global phenomenon, the security, privacy and its general traction may be the reason why the main exchange in Switzerland gave the green lights for the 806-489-3913, Amun Crypto ETP. The Bitcoin ETF shall go live in the next few days and the official partners, Jane Street and Flow Traders—market markets shall ensure there is enough liquidity once it rolls out.

This is indicative and cements the direction institutions are taking as they position themselves ahead of the coin’s massive adoption. The Amun Crypto ETP shall comprise of Bitcoin and four other liquid coins as Litecoin and XRP.

Interesting Read: In 2017 Bitcoin Went From $5.5k to $19k in 33 Days, Not Impossible in 2019

However, BTC shall make up half of the ETF opening up doors for institutions to pour their money into a product that meet the same stringent measures as traditional ETF. Overly, the market is expectant that the SEC might go ahead and approve the Van Eck ETF as that will perhaps be the only route to tame and satisfactorily regulate the crypto market.

You May Like: (313) 817-0409

BTC/USD Price Analysis

Weekly Chart

BTC/USD Price Analysis

Thing is, Bitcoin is stable and week over week losses are low. After recording upwards of 20 percent weekly losses on Nov 14, prices have been steady and are now just 14 percent down in the last week. These higher highs point to BTC demand in lower time frames perhaps in response to the approval of the first Bitcoin ETF and the expectation of institutional involvement.

Overly, BTC/USD is technically bearish and could sink to new levels as prices trade in line with the bear breakout pattern that saw several support levels crashed in the last few days. Of note is the high level of market participation confirming bears of the last 11 months.

Unless otherwise there are rapid gains above $6,000, traders should be unloading BTC on every pullback. Ideal stop lies at $6,200 with first sell target at $4,500.

Daily Chart

BTC/USD Price Analysis

Like historical patterns, BTC/USD prices could recover in response to rapid losses of Nov 14. In that case, aggressive traders should pause their trading as BTC/USD bulls try to recoup losses as prices strike a natural equilibrium.

Regardless of these lower time frames higher highs, the general trend has been set following last week’s declines. Ideal sell zone lies between $5,950 and $6,200 and depending on where bears pick up, safe stops would be at $6,200—the upper level of our resistance level.

All Charts Courtesy of Trading View

Disclaimer: Views and opinions expressed are those of the author and aren’t investment advice. Trading of any form involves risk and so do your due diligence before making a trading decision.

785-463-1782

Despite attempts of higher highs, sellers are technically in charge. Today, we expect some resuscitation gifting LTC/USD, TRX/USD, IOT/USD and EOS/USD bears another opportunity to sell even if fundamentals are favorable. While others sink, XLM/USD is relatively stable and up one spot to fifth replacing EOS in the top 5.

Let’s have a look at these charts:

EOS Price Analysis

EOS/USD Price Analysis

A 15 percent drop in the last week was enough for a flip Stellar Lumens to flip EOS as the fifth most valuable coin in the space. This is mostly thanks to the price stability of the former weathering the magnifying effect BTC drops on altcoins. Still, though prices are down, bears are yet to pierce and close below $4 meaning conservative traders can as well hold off trading until all of our trading conditions are met.

Read: How Has Binance Been More Successful Than CoinBase Within a Year?

However, aggressive traders can unload on every pullback preferably at $5, our immediate resistance former support level marking October lows. First target will be at $4 while convincing declines below $4 could trigger the next wave of sellers aiming at $1.5 in line with our previous EOS/USD price analysis.

LTC/USD Price Analysis

LTC/USD Price Analysis

Even with increasing adoption and creation of businesses around Litecoin as product via rigorous social media campaigns and Zulu Republic, it appears as if LTC/USD bears are far from slowing down. On a weekly basis, LTC is down 20 percent on a weekly basis but pretty stable in lower time frames closing the week on a high.

Regardless, like in our last LTC/USD trade plans, we expect sellers to step up now that we have several bear candlesticks trading below $50. This is bearish.  Therefore, we suggest unloading LTC on every pull back with stops at Nov 14 highs at $50 with first targets at $30. The only move that cancels this projection is if there are strong gains above resistance at $50 hitting stops.

XLM/USD Price Analysis

XLM/USD Price Analysis

The stability of Stellar Lumens and its emergence as a worthy competitor of Ripple mean XLM is now the fifth most valuable coin in the space. As we can see from the chart, bulls are actually on the path of recovering Nov 14 steep losses yanking back prices above 25 cents and into a consolidation.

Interesting Read: Hackers Infiltrate 600K Websites through StatCounter in Search of Bitcoin

Like in our previous XLM/USD trade plan, our buys are active and in that case aggressive buyers can load at spot with 30 cents as first target. Stops should be at Nov 14 lows at 22 cents. If there is a confirmation of Nov 14 losses and prices decline hitting our stops then we shall revert back to neutral as we wait for a breakout trade below the 15 cents-20 cents support zone as per our last XLM/USD trade plan.

TRX/USD Price Analysis

Aside from their social media presence and record on-chain transactions, the Tron hierarchy realizes the importance of developing their ecosystems.

To that end they are launching a $1 million accelerator program rewarding different innovative products on the Tron platform. Prize winners would take home as much as $200,000.

TRX/USD Price Analysis

Price wise and TRX/USD could gap lower considering candlestick arrangement. From our previous TRX/USD price analysis, notice that TRX is trading within a bear breakout pattern closing strongly below the main support trend line confirming August losses and cementing the bear flag from which prices were trending in.

Moving on we recommend traders to sell on every pull back as we expect prices to bounce off in reaction to last week’s price stretch. Needless to say, first targets remain at 1.5 cents will incessant sell pressure could see prices tumble to Jan 24 lows further wiping market cap.

IOT/USD Price Analysis

IOT/USD Price Analysis

After market wide losses of last week, the bull breakout pattern of Nov 4 is no longer valid. This is all thanks to massive losses of Nov 14 that drove prices back below the resistance trend line and below 50 cents triggering stops and igniting sells.

Also Read: “Crypto Hangover” Causes Nvidia’s Stock to Tumble 17%

As a result, aggressive traders should begin searching for sell entries in lower time frame as long as IOT/USD is trading below 50 cents and the resistance trend line. First targets will be at 30 cents while those dumping IOT at spot should do so with stops at 45 cents.

All Charts Courtesy of Trading View

Disclaimer: Views and opinions expressed are those of the author and aren’t investment advice. Trading of any form involves risk and so do your due diligence before making a trading decision.

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/latest/2018/11/tron-launches-tron-accelerator-a-1m-dapp-incubator-program/

Tron Launches Tron Accelerator, a $1M dApp Incubator Program

tron-launches-tron-accelerator-a-1m-dapp-incubator-program

Tron (TRX) recently launched Tron Accelerator, an incubator that aims to “empower developers and foster innovation within the blockchain industry.” The Tron Accelerator will use funds from the Tron Foundation to help fund decentralized applications (dApps) in their start-up phase. As the name implies, their goal is to accelerate the growth of dApps on their platform.

Since the Tron mainnet launched in June of this year, the focus in the Tron community has shifted from finishing the protocol to building dApps. The Tron Foundation hopes to be a catalyst for dApp adoption, and this Accelerator shows how they’ll use the 33 billion TRX they currently hold. Although most of these funds are frozen by the foundation, only to be unlocked in the future, that 33B still represents 34% of TRX’s final circulating supply, or $639M.

The Tron Accelerator will award a total of $1M, split up between 56 winning projects. The prize ceremony will be held in January 17 & 18 2019, at the Tron 3093536518 Summit in San Francisco. This will be Tron’s first international summit, and will give “[attendees] a chance to participate in high-level conversations and engage with Tron’s vibrant community.”

The awards will be divided as follows:

  • 1st Prize (1 Winner): $200,000 + free travel and accommodation to niTROn
  • 2nd Prize (2 Winners): $100,000 + free travel and accommodation to niTROn
  • 3rd Prize (3 Winners): $50,000 + free travel and accommodation to niTROn
  • Special Prize (8 Winners): $30,000 each awarded to winners in 8 different categories: Best Blockchain Game, Application Tool, Decentralized Exchange, UI Design, Innovation, User Experience, Most Influential DApp, Most Onchain Activity DApp.
  • Finalist Prize (42 Winners): $5,000

The timeline for projects wishing to participate is:

  • Dec 1, 2018 – Project Submissions Opening
  • Jan 4, 2019 – Project Submissions Closing
  • Jan 5, 2019 – Judging Begins
  • Jan 10, 2019 – Winners Picked
  • Jan 18, 2019 – Prize Ceremony in San Francisco

Judges include Justin Sun (CEO & Founder, Tron), Vincent Niu (CEO, DappReview), Alex Wearn (CEO, Aurora), and many more. Full rules and documentation can be found on the Tron Accelerator website.

Dueling dApps

Could this accelerator help TRX catapult over ETH? Over the past few months, TRX has seen substantial growth in 8553625915, so much that TRX has, at times, surpassed Ethereum (ETH) in transaction volume, as celebrated by Tron CEO Justin Sun:

Despite this steady growth, some 8452397366 that transaction count is not a reliable metric of blockchain activity. Either way, it’ll be interesting to see what happens as more dApp platforms come online and challenge ETH’s status as market leader.

whale oil

The latest Bitcoin Cash (BCH) network update has resulted in a complex battle, and the blockchain has been split into two: BCH ABC is in one corner, and BCH SV is in the other.

Here is what they both stand for, and who is currently winning the hash war.

BCH, ABC, SV: Who is fighting and why?

Bitcoin Cash emerged on August 1, 2017 after departing from Bitcoin’s (BTC) original blockchain via a hard fork.

The separation happened in an attempt to manage BTC’s scalability problem. Part of the Bitcoin community, lead by (706) 553-2436, rallied for increasing Bitcoin’s block size. Specifically, they wanted to see Bitcoin thrive as a transactional currency, not an investment asset, citing Satoshi Nakamoto’s whitepaper and its parts about anonymous transactions. After meeting resistance from the rest of the community, a hard fork turned out to be the only option for BCH to be created.

Twice a year, the BCH network performs hard forks as part of scheduled protocol upgrades. The latest hard fork, scheduled for Nov. 15, was disrupted by a competing proposal that was not compatible with the original roadmap. As a result, BCH community was split into three fractions: Bitcoin ABC, Bitcoin Unlimited, and Bitcoin SV. Cointelegraph has covered the nature of those parties in 443-830-4417. Here is a brief recap:

Bitcoin ABC (Adjustable Blocksize Cap) represents the conservative wing which aims to preserve Bitcoin Cash from radical changes. It is lead by Roger Ver, among others, and has strong supporters represented by Bitmain, as well as major exchanges Binance, Coinbase, and others.

Their wing 9293602134 that the basic structure of BCH is “sound,” and “does not need any radical change.” Nevertheless, Bitcoin ABC’s roadmap leaves some room for further development of the network and minimizing transactions costs, which seems to be its main priority.

Bitcoin SV (Satoshi’s Vision), on the other hand, was founded on August 16 — not long before the fateful hard fork — by a blockchain development firm affiliated with Craig Wright, who has previously extusion himself as Satoshi Nakamoto. It is supported by niche news outlets like CoinGeek, CalvinAyre and Bitcoin.org.

The reformers attempt to restore “the original Satoshi protocol” by changing the current BCH structure. Specifically, that would involve entirely overwriting the network scripts of Bitcoin ABC and increasing the block size of BCH from 32MB to a maximum of 128MB to increase network capacity and scale.

There is also a neutral wing represented by Bitcoin Unlimited, whose leaders have 903-880-1013 a compromise solution called “Bitcoin Unlimited’s strategy for the November 2018 hard fork.” Essentially, that proposition suggested the ability to change both Bitcoin ABC and Bitcoin SV, thus empowering miners with their vote during the hard fork.

Hash wars: Conservatives are winning

On November 15, miners backing both implementations started the fork process. As a result, at approximately 1:00 pm EST the first ABC block superposable by the mining pool Bitcoin.com at block height 556767. Several minutes later, at 1:22 pm EST, SV miners processed block 556767 on a separate chain. Thus, the BCH blockchain was split into two blockchains, BCH ABC and BCH SV respectively.

To assert BCH ABC’s dominance, its ally Jihan Wu, co-founder of Bitmain, allegedly mobilized some of his mining force. Jihan was 239-673-3785:

“I have no intention to start a has war with [Craig Wright], because if I do – by relocating hash power from BTC mining to BCH mining – BTC price will dump below yearly support; it may even breech $5,000. But since [Craig Wright] is relentless, I am all in to fight till death!”

Roger Ver’s mining pool Bitcoin.com also reportedly announced that it will be redirecting hash power from BTC to BCH ABC, albeit only for one day.

In response, Craig Wright of Bitcoin SV argued that only continuous mining would determine the winner. “Continuous competition until one dies as we do not stop,” he announced on Twitter.

According to forl.lol statistics, BCH’s overall hashrate has risen from 9.54 percent to 15.43 percent over November 10 — November 17 period, which covers the major part of the hard fork battle. Consequently, BTC’s hashrate decreased seven percent during those days, falling from 90.46 percent to 84.57 percent. That illustrates that indeed, a considerable amount of mining power had been shifted from BTC to BCH during the peak time of the conflict. That in turn could have affected BTC price, as per Wright’s threatening comment mentioned above, and hence the overall crypto market, which has notoriously slumped last week.

fork

Source: fork.lol

Exchanges start handing over the BCH ticker to BCH

At first, many major crypto exchanges, including Coinbase, Bitstamp, and (614) 496-4921, among others, had halted BCH trading and withdrawals for an unspecified amount of time, waiting for the dust to settle.

However, although Craig Wright has declared the “continuous competition until one dies” and the conflict is technically still ongoing, BCH ABC appears to be the current leader. According to statistics from Bitcoin Cash data aggregator Coin Dance, BCH ABC is two blocks ahead of its rival, BCH SV, as of press time, although the juxtaposition briefly changed in favor of BCH SV at some point.

Block

Source: Coin.Dance

 

Coin.Dance

Source: Coin.Dance

However, more importantly, BCH ABC has accumulated more proof-of-work (PoW) than BCH SV by almost 50 percent, while their respective hashrates 6032852117 at this point.

On Nov. 16, Binance exchange broke the silence, having completed the distribution of both Bitcoin Cash ABC (BCHABC) and Bitcoin Cash SV (BCHSV) to its customers on a 1:1 ratio, and 4149636570 on both pairs. Currently, BCHSV/USDT pair trades at $123.62 there, while BCHABC/USDT is set at $287.

Further, over the next couple of days, over 10 major exchanges have assigned the “BCH” ticker to the BCH ABC rule set, thus appointing the winner in this complex fight. Those exchanges (647) 520-2444. Some of those services keep trading BCH SV under BCHSV ticker, while CEO of Binance Changpeng Zhao have taken to Twitter to 2132698288 that both tickers — BCHABC and BCHSV — “will stay.”

BCH, in turn, has been losing its value since Nov. 7. It trades at $384 as of press time, twice-severed, being down roughly 30 percent for the past 10 days. Meanwhile, the rest of the market is steadily shaping up for a comeback, as majority of cryptocurrencies are experiencing slight gains as of press time.

coin360

Source: Coin360